Welcome to the results page of the French citizens’ debate:

Tomorrow, driverless vehicles in our lives? Let’s talk about it!

On Saturday, January 27, 2018, 361 citizens gathered in Rennes, Toulouse, Sophia-Antipolis, La Rochelle and Conflans-Sainte-Honorine in the urban community of Greater Paris Seine and Oise. For a whole day, women and men collectively built their point of view on the arrival of driverless vehicles in France, on the roads and in the air!

The results of the great debate has fed a 24-pages magazine that is broadcast in all involved territories, but also at national, European and international level. Click here to read the results magazine:

Results magazine (English version)

Overview of the results in a few figures

The percentages presented here reflect the number of responses and not the number of respondents. Each participant had several votes. The total percentages do not equate to 100%.

1 – Change our habits? Why not!

Participants are ready for a transformation of their mobility.

«Problem of the transition between the world of today’s world and tomorrow’s world with the AV» (Toulouse)

“The AV must be a real revolution and must facilitate the reduction of the fleet of personal vehicles. »(Rennes)

“Changing mindsets and the law is going to be difficult and time consuming. »(Toulouse)

What would the development of autonomous vehicles would encourage you to do?

55% “more car sharing, made available by a community, a business or individuals, for a fee”

40% “no longer own my own vehicle”

37% “more practice sharing trips”

23% “no change in practices”

2 – Individual benefits …

A vehicle that must bring benefits for citizens.

What would you do in a AV for your daily commute that you cannot do today?

63% “take advantage of their commute time to rest, close their eyes, read a book”

34% “gaining comfort (sitting certainty, feeling of security)”

23% “get to know each other, talk to others”

“Every 2 hours, I fall asleep on the road (especially in long distances with many hours of highway), so I need a AV. »(Sophia Antipolis)

“I will be free from the constraints of driving. Freedom. »(La Rochelle)

” Win time ? This is not proven. »(La Rochelle)

“A removed freedom of movement, with the pleasure of driving that goes with it. »(Rennes)

3 – … but also collective ones!

The participants have expectations regarding the reduction of inequalities with regard to mobility in particular linked to mobility, but also in terms of the reduction of road congestion and the liberation of space.

“Do people respect vehicles that do not belong to them? »(La Rochelle)

“Decluttering of roads, fluidity. »(La Rochelle)

“Effectiveness of a collective system (reservation ..): blah, it works! ; yes and no, we have no guarantee. »(Toulouse)

“The disabled persons and the elderly can really enjoy these autonomous cars. »(Toulouse)

73% think that AV must first benefit people with mobility difficulties
22% are against the fact that this technology being reserved for the richest ones

4 – A fear expressed on the economic model

“A driverless vehicle: a luxury car? »(Sophia Antipolis)

“Increase the price of cars to prevent congestion. »(Toulouse)

“Part of the population will not be able to afford this luxury. »(Sophia Antipolis)

“The primary beneficiaries should be the RMCs and people away from mobility, but the cost will be that the first will be the rich. »(Toulouse)

5 – A strong concern for the environment

44% think that we should get out of our models of cars as main mode of transport for environmental reasons.

The preservation of the environment ranks third in the expected benefits (41%).

50% think that the state must “impose strong environmental constraints (use of energy, recycling and waste, use of resources)”.

“Does the autonomous car have to be electric? How to “secure” the energy source in this case? (nuclear, coal, hydrogen …). »(Toulouse)

“Airspace must be protected, it is a common good. »(Sophia Antipolis)

“The expected benefits have to be put in perspective with the ecological gain and the futur of the planet. »(La Rochelle)

“Is it a solution to ecological problems? »(Toulouse)

6 – An increased road safety?

In the expected progress: the improvement of the road safety for 53%.

“There will be no total security. » (Sophia Antipolis)

“AV does not necessarily reduce safety (change in accident causation). » (Sophia Antipolis)

“How to handle a failure in the air? » (Toulouse)

“It will reduce the risk of accidents. » (Conflans)

7 – What access to data?

“Danger of hacking systems. » (Sophia Antipolis)

“Cybersecurity is going to be a major risk. » (Toulouse)

“The data is already used. » (La Rochelle)

“Geolocation aspect: we will be traced and we will know where you are. » (La Rochelle)

40% of participants want the state to regulate the use of personal data.

Who needs access to the data generated by the AVs?

49% “users must be able to choose who has access to their data, and have access to their own data”

37% “public authorities and public research organizations, in the form of anonymized data”

20% “users must be able to choose to sell their data to pay for all or part of their use of mobility services, or to keep them private”

18% “no data should be accessible”

8 – Who will now insure the vehicles?

In your opinion, who should be required to cover themselves with driverless vehicle insurance?

48% “The owner (individual or service provider)”

38% “The vehicle manufacturer”

35% “The manufacturer of the driver software”

20% “The service in charge of the communications network between the vehicles”

“In case of accident, who is responsible? » (Conflans)

“Will insurance continue to insure old cars (more accidents)? » (Sophia Antipolis)

“On the liability (insurance: who should cover?) Why take out insurance if I do not control the vehicle? » (Conflans)

“Insurance: manufacturer of the vehicle or infrastructure manager. » (La Rochelle)

9 – Aerial vehicles: an alternative to ground mobility?

“For all emergency services, it’s a good idea. » (Sophia Antipolis)

“Is this a real need? For emergency vehicles yes. No practical use on 3 km -> rather bike. » (Rennes)

“Good for the Alpes-Maritimes, to pass over the hills. » (Sophia Antipolis)

“Air Corridors … How is it going to be? Already, complicated drones. » (Conflans)

The advent of unmanned aerial vehicles can be accompanied by a variety of advances. What are the benefits that you would expect in priority?

51% “More Ease of Emergency Response”

42% “Reduction of congestion on the roads and the place dedicated to the car in the public space”

34% “Greater attractiveness for inaccessible territories nowadays”

25% “Limitation of accidents on the road or in town”

10 – The role of the state and communities? Experiment and regulate!

How should local authorities act first?

59% “Anticipate employment evolutions and start a training program for all affected jobs and new jobs that will appear”

52% “Create the conditions for the deployment of driverless vehicles: adapted infrastructures (roads equipped with sensors for example)”

51% “Inform the public as objectively as possible about the issues, achievements, opportunities and threats that this evolution represents”

37% “Strictly monitor the environmental and health effects of this technological revolution”

“Public power must have a regulatory role. » (Toulouse)

“The universal income: debate on how to put that in place. » (La Rochelle)

“Local authorities must be the” pilots “of the deployment of autonomous vehicles. » (La Rochelle)

“Preference to have a service provided by the metropolis rather than by private companies. » (Toulouse)

11 – What about the reconversion of jobs?

“It’s up to politics to help the conversion of drivers. » (Toulouse)

“Rapid evolution of trades: perhaps an opportunity; and more leisure-related trades. » (Sophia Antipolis)

“The arrival of the autonomous car, with a strong impact on less skilled work. It should also promote the reduction of inequalities (social and economic). ” (Toulouse)

“Is there a link between robotization and economic performance? -> Loss of employment. How is society prepared for this evolution? » (La Rochelle)

59% of the participants want a training program for all the professions affected as well as for the professions that will appear, which should be set up by the local authorities, this is the first priority for them they believe.

43% believe that strong consequences on employment (location, loss of employment, job transfer) would be a deterioration in their daily lives as part of the arrival of VSCs.

12 – Confidence in the machine

“There will be debate on the ethics associated with the implementation of autonomous vehicles, a must. » (La Rochelle)

“The question of trust is central. ” (Conflans)

“Most human decisions are not reasoned. ” (Toulouse)

“The fact of relying on a third party to move is an obstacle to autonomy”. (Toulouse)

The results were also presented at the InOut show in Rennes on March 16, 2018.